Social welfare issues concerning the quality of life of children and adolescents are becoming more and more urgent. As a result of social and economical changes young people are becoming the most socially vulnerable respectively threatened part of the population particularly in the period of transition from schools to independence. There is a prevailing feeling of hopelessness and lack of prospects which is manifested in their relation with their environment in terms of various behaviour patterns and passive forms of maintaining spare time. Riskful circle of young people is more and more widening. There are more »losers« among those who come from marginal social environments. Young people are more and more dependent on their parents and family carelessness is decisive factor of vulnerability. Family as a value is in the background. Care for children is becoming more and more the professional matter of other organizations. So called daily centres for children and adolescents intend a lot of attention to young people. They carry out programmes of social security, provide psychosocial aid to young people in distress and to those who are marginal and social excluded. Programmes of daily centres are more or less preventive. They prevent or suppress negative behaviour patterns of children. Their primary mission is to raise the level of quality of life of children, adolescents, and even their families and environment where they live. They carry out different activities, offer assistance in learning, assistance in adopting working habits, assistance in learning social skills, promote sociability among the members. They offer quality spare time as the alternative of strolling around the streets.
Keywords: daily centres for children and adolescents, socially handicapped adolescents, quality spare time, prevention, street work.