The process of the second indivuation and early adolescent development

Discourses and Researches

Second individuation process (P. Blos) is determined by development of psychic autonomy in relation with their parents during adolescence. The aim of this research was to investigate the interrelation between the quality of the psychological autonomy in the early period of adolescence (until the age of 15) and success of their psychological adjustment in the period of late adolescence. The research included 925 students (341 males and 584 females) who were brought up in complete families. The average age is 20.72 years. The quality of the psychological autonomy was determined by the perception of the early emotional relations (up to the age of 15) between adolescents and their parents, according to the PBI dimensions of care-refusal and autonomy-control. The success of the achievements of the psychological adjustment was measured by scales: self-esteem and sense of well-being. The obtained results support the basic hypothesis of this research, namely the success of the achieved psychological adjustment in the late adolescence is significantly determined by the quality of the psychic autonomy obtained in the families during the early period of adolescence. These results indicate that the process of the second individuation (P. Blos) is primary determined by emotional experience in the period of the early adolescence. The second important result is gender difference in participation and meaning of emotional relations with parents in this process. Difference is primary recognized through different meaning of emotional relationship with mother and in dynamics of relations in adolescent family with in the way of dynamic relations of adolescent males with fathers and triadic relations of adolescents females with fathers and mothers.

Keywords: second individuation, object relation, psychic autonomy, early adolescence, psychological adjustment.

dr. Aldo Špelić