Group forms of art therapy at a secondary school dormitory ― a multidisciplinary and holistic approach

Theory and Practice
The following research problems were examined in research titled Group forms of art therapy at a secondary school dormitory: influence of creative arts workshops on artistic expression of the participants, influence of creative arts workshops on the sense of well-being of the participants and satisfaction of their basic psychological needs (power or recognition, love and belonging, fun and freedom), influence of the use of creative arts methods on the quality of their relationships, influence of the creative arts workshops on personal growth, influence of group forms of arts therapy methods on the preventive health care of youth. The study shows that the group form of art therapy was a well received and well attended activity which contributed to a higher quality of performance. The organised creative arts workshops enhanced the participants’ development of creative expression and thereby the satisfaction of their creative needs. By teaching them new art techniques, the workshops increased the participants’ enjoyment of artistic expression. Those female students who showed a greater interest and aptitude for art expression made good progress on different levels. The group gatherings, marked by a relaxed atmosphere and group spirit, contributed positively to the improvement of the well-being of the participants as well as the satisfaction of their psychological needs for power, love, fun and freedom. Group work provided female students with opportunities for different experiences, influencing their cooperation skills. Moreover, the quality of interpersonal relations improved. In addition, the research also showed that group art therapy played an important role in personal growth as well as in preventive health care of the young women. The results of the study show that the creative arts workshops enriched the free time of the participants and positively influenced their learning about themselves in a multidisciplinary and holistic approach to the group and the individual. 
 
Keywords: art therapy, dormitory (residence hall for students), adolescence, health, prevention and vulnerability of youth.
 
Rasta Fašmon